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TheRightMedicationforYourCold:ClearingtheSinuses

作者:www.ruishiye.com  时间:2018-03-24
 
     
      You're sick andyou want relief -- fast.Which product willhelp? First, identifywhich symptombothers you the most,says Richard Colgan, assistantprofessor at the University of Maryland School of Medicine.Then, rely not on brand names, but on the active ingredient onthe label. If you're pregnant, breastfeeding, have a chronic healthcondition or are on other medications, any OTC drug, these products for morethan a week -- most colds go away in about that time. Lastly, skipmulti-symptom formulas unless you have all the symptoms .Here, a guide to make your next trip to the drugstore a breeze.
      DECONGESTANT
     
     Active Ingredient: Pseudoephedrine, oxymetazoline, phenylephrine
     Formulations: Capsule, tablet, liquid, nasal spray or drops
     Your symptoms: A stuffy nose
     Need-to-: Nasal sprays, which often contain oxymetazoline or phenylephrine, work fastest, since they act directly on nasal passages. They also may havefewer side effects, for more than 3 days . A study by the University of Chicago's Pritzker School of Medicine found that sprays with the preservative benzalkonium may irritate the lining of the nose. Pseudoephedrine works more slowly since it's distributed directly into the bloodstream. If you're over age 65, have a chronic medical condition or an enlarged prostate, talk to a pharmacist orMD before taking any decongestant.
     < side effects: Irritability, headache, ,vomiting, dry mouth, palpitations, burning inthe nose; can boost blood sugarin diabetics and blood pressure inhypertensives
      ANTIHISTAMINE
     
     Active Ingredient: Diphenhydramine,brompheniramine,chlorpheniramine
     Formulations: Capsule, tablet,liquid
     Your symptoms: Itchy eyes, runnynose, recurringsneeze
     Need-to- sedation and are best taken at night,, with a doctor before giving to children, side effets. The allergy drugloratadine is the only FDA-,but it's not as drying as the others.
     < side effects: Drowsiness,,vomiting,dry mouth
     
      Relief From Coughing COUGHSUPPRESSANT
     Active Ingredient: Dextromethorphan
     Formulations: Capsule,liquid, oralspray
     Your symptoms: Dry, hacking cough
     Need-to-: Don't attempt to suppress a cough if you haveasthma, emphysema, problems in childrenunder 6 months. Some studies suggest that suppressantsmay not be much more effective than a placebo. For this reason, theAmerican Lung Association If suppressants don't work for you, try menthol cough drops. They can soothea sore, irritated throat and may even help ease your cough.Prescription-strength codeine and hydrocodone are painkillers that suppress coughing, constipation,, vomiting, drymouth and addiction.
     < side effects, vomiting, dizziness,drowsiness
      EXPECTORANT
     
     Active Ingredient: Guaifenesin
     Formulations: Capsule, tablet,liquid
     Your symptoms-producingcough
     Need-to-: Guaifenesin is the only FDA-approved OTC expectorant, but its effectiveness has been questioned in studies, expectoran -- And if they don't work for you, a humidifier -- it, too, may loosen phlegm.
     < side effects, vomiting,dizziness, upsetstomach,headache
     To take this chart with you, click here to download as a PDF.
本文编辑:www.ruishiye.com
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