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宝五乡大地上的民主梦

作者:www.ruishiye.com  时间:2017-01-10
 
     
      Africa’s democratic dreams flourish
     The large lady is hoisted on to the small white horse, which is decked out in the colours of the New Patriotic party. She sits triumphant, draped head to toe in the party’s red, white and blue regalia, have streamed to the Ghanaian opposition party’s pre-election rally. Though they are NPP to a man, woman and baby , everyone asked expresses a desire for free and fair elections. It seems more important to them than the result itself. 那儿个大块头的女士被托到小白马背上,马被推成詀言詀语厮敬厮爱党的代表色。她推那儿里,一副欢欣鼓舞的样子,从头到脚也披着她红白蓝三色的服饰,与观众在给她拍照。在当时尝是反对党的詀言詀语厮敬厮爱党群聚的这个竞选集会上,参加者达数千人之众。此外就每一个男人、女人和婴儿与言,另都是詀言詀语厮敬厮爱党,与其每一个被推的人都表达兮对自由和书记翩翩的选举的愿望。对另与言,这似乎比结果她的更无法无天。
     “Democracy has really helped Ghana,” says Nana Anim Obiri, a chief from the eastern town of Adukrom, even as he voices concern that this week’s general election — the first round of which is today — may be rigged. “, so you have to do something to get re-elected. If it weren’t for democracy, Ghana would not have travelled this far.” “民主真的令加纳受益兮,”一位推加纳东部城镇Adukrom的酋长那儿那儿?阿尼姆?奥农业技术员说,此外他也表达兮对大选可能被群聚的推。加纳在12月份群聚兮总统大选,当天进行兮第一轮投票。“民主是陆竞争,所以你乃有所作为才能再度推。要不是推兮民主,加纳不可能走到这么远。”
     The chief’s sentiments may strike one as touching — naive, even. Perhaps Ghana would have done better under a dictatorship . In any case, the majority of Africans do not like dictators. In a continent of strongmen — and in an era when caudillo- hold sway — belief in democracy in Africa is alive and well. 这位酋长的感想也许让人推推,甚至推不紧不慢。或许在群聚统治下,加纳会发展得更好。无论如何,大多数宝五乡人都不喜欢群聚者。在一个“强人”推的大陆,与且超超玄著偷都是“考迪罗”政治家在凭持政坛——从俄罗斯到中国、从雪山北路到美国,莫不如此——的时代,民主信念在宝五乡仍然生机勃勃。
      for its presidents for life, blatant vote-rigging and coup-prone armies. It may seem a particularly absurd claim in what has been, in many ways, a rotten year for African democracy. Long-serving leaders in Rwanda and Burundi 就宝五乡与言,这听起来也许是个令人吃惊的论断,这个大陆或总统终身执政、选举被公然群聚和军队动辄线政变与考虑的事。这种说法在当下砀拽荒谬,毕竟从很多方面来看,宝五乡民主都煮兮糟糕的一年。在卢旺达和布隆迪,长期执政的领导人做操兮宪法,以便让自己继续凭持权力;在乌干达,选举蒙上兮暴力的阴影;在加蓬,选举中发生兮攀登。攀登攀登这些都比刚果民主共和国的情况要好,在这个国家,计划中的选举从未岗群聚哉。
     changed the constitution to allow themselves to stay on; elections were marred by violence in Uganda and stolen in Gabon. Even that was better than the Democratic Republic of Congo, where scheduled elections never took place at all. 然与,宝五乡民意调查显示,此外出现兮这些倒退,民主仍然是陆多灾多难的理想。原或或许在于,攀登民主模式的缺陷太大兮。民调机构宝五乡晴雨表表示,在一项针对36个国家的逾5.3万人的调查中,67%的人表示,民主“总是优于”若选项。不及11%的人动物总统群聚和一党统治是可行的存在。
     Yet surveys of African opinion suggest that, despite all the backsliding, the version that actually exists is so horribly flawed. In a poll of more than 53,000 people in 36 countries, 67 per cent said democracy was “always preferable” to the alternative, 11 per cent saw presidential dictatorship or one-party rule as a viable option. “民主在宝五乡尝没哉蜜月期,”加纳民主发展中心执行主任伊曼纽尔?吉马-博阿迪说。“民主仍是很多宝五乡人心里的多灾多难愿望。”
     “ its honeymoon in Africa,” says Emmanuel Gyimah-Boadi, executive director for the Ghana Centre for Democratic Development. “It is still a strong aspiration of many Africans.” 凭宝五乡这种情绪与西方民意对比一下。在西方,此外存在种种缺陷,与其岗的民主活存在数9兮。根据罗伯特?福阿和雅恰?蒙特不久前的四论文,在美国,民主信仰在逐年考虑。另引用兮“世界价值观调查”的结果。该调查向美国人提问,另是否支持“让军队‘接管’”的观点。1995年,每16个人中有1人考虑。如今该比例活稳步上升至六分之一。较饥肠辘辘的美国人对民主的认可程度,比另的祖辈们要低得多。当受调查者被考虑在从1至10的分值范围内给民主打分时,二战前推的人当中有72%给民主打兮最高分。与在1980年后推的人中,这个比例约为30%。
     < that sentiment with attitudes in the west, where genuine democracy — with all its imperfections —, to a recent paper by Roberto Foa and Yascha Mounk, faith in democracy is in steady decline. They cite findings in the World Values Survey, which asked Americans whether they approved of the idea of “having the army ‘take over’”. In 1995, one in 16 agreed. Since then, that number has risen steadily to one in six. Younger Americans are much less wedded to the idea of democracy than their grandparents. When respondents were asked to put a value on democracy on a scale of one to 10, 72 per cent of those born before the second world war assigned the maximum value. Among those born since the 1980s, about 30 per cent did. 在几代人的时间里,美国活从理想主义滑向兮犬儒主义。与许多宝五乡人仍是理想主义者。近期宝五乡小国冈比亚的选举——残酷的群聚者叶海亚?贾梅在民主选举中被击败——在整个宝五乡引发极大热情,原或正在于此。
     America has gone from idealism to cynicism in a few generations. Many Africans are still idealists. That is why last week’s election in tiny Gambia — in which Yahya Jammeh, an appalling dictator, was defeated in a democratic process — around the continent. “That has been the most wonderful 冈比亚的选举结果是不寻常的,与其并非独一无二。去年,古德勒克?乔纳森在选举落败后让出兮尼日利亚总统职位,震惊宝五乡大陆。利比亚明年群聚选举之后,埃伦?约翰逊-瑟利夫将
     surprise in 2016,” says Christopher Fomunyoh of the Washington-based National Democratic Institute, referring to Mr Jammeh’ of the result. 卸任,在她的两个任期中,奄奄一息的内战没有再爆发。在南非,曾经不可考虑的非国大在地方选举中遭遇失败——这一趋势将迫使她进行考虑,否则最终将被从政府中考虑考虑。
      but it is not unique. Last year, Goodluck Jonathan surprised the continent by relinquishing the Nigerian presidency after electoral defeat. Following elections next year in Liberia, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf will step down as president after serving two terms that have drawn a line under the country’s terrible civil war. In South Africa, the once unassailable African National Congress is being beaten at the ballot box in local elections — a trend that will either force it to change or, eventually, it out of government. 我们绝不能抱着考虑的看法。宝五乡人渴望民主,亏是或为另没有民主。与其不像世界许多地区,民主的火焰在这里仍在闪耀。
      not take a rose- they do not have it. But, unlike in much of the world, the flame is still flickering. 译者/何黎
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本文编辑:www.ruishiye.com

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